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How does topography affect wind?

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The Coriolis force deflects the wind and gives the main wind directions. It is the effect of topography on the wind. The Coriolis force takes into account the force of pressure and the trajectory of the wind.

In the northern hemisphere, air moves around low pressure counter-clockwise. Air moves clockwise around an anticyclone.

There are major lines of movement of the winds at the planetary level. The Jet Stream is a very fast air current. Frictional forces caused by topography are responsible for local wind characteristics such as sea breeze, land breeze, and valley effects.

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